Jewish Genealogy in Italy
The Jews in Livorno. Genealogy of the 19th and 18th century
The history of the Jewish community of Livorno begins with the
history of the town itself. In 1577 the first stone was laid for the construction of
the city and the port of Livorno.
To populate the new town the Grand Duke Ferdinando the 1st issued between 1591 and 1593 varoius edicts known as the "Livornine".
These proclamations provided to new immigrants for tax exemption, some immunities, and complete religious freedom. Jewish, Turkish and Moorish merchants where expressly invited to establish in town.
Jews could own houses, open shops in all parts of the city, study at the university and did not have to wear the Jewish badge.
Thanks these provisions and due to the central position of
Livorno in the Mediterranean Sea, the Jews flocked in the port and Jewish population
incrased.The history of the Jewish community of Livorno begins
with the history of the town itself. In 1577 the first stone was laid for the
construction of the city and the port of Livorno.
|Livorno. The house of A. Modigliani|
Most immigrants were Conversos or Levantines, thus Spanish became the official language of the Jewish community of Livorno.
Jews who came to Livorno kept contacts with the places of origin: this increased cultural and commercial relations throughout the Mediterranean area with trade networks that lasted for centuries.
Number of the Jews in Livorno:
|Year||Jews in Livorno|
In 1765, more than one-third of the largest 150 commercial houses
in Livorno were owned by Jews.
For three hundred years Livorno, "the city without a ghetto", was a point of reference for the Diaspora.
|Births||1808-1814||1818-1865||see an example||1865-2000|
|Matrimonies||1808-1814||1818-1865||see an example||1865-2000|
|Dearths||1808-1814||1818-1865||see an example||1865-2000|
|Census of 1784||1784||see an example research this census|
|Declarations of adption of a surname 1809||1809||see an example|
|Census of 1841||1841||see an example|
(Please remember to specify the surnames and names in your genealogy)
This page is part of Jewish Genealogy in Italy